Our Rural Landscape:
The mountainous landscape of Creggan is dominated by bog, with dispersed settlements of small farms on gravel ridges and dotted with small lakes. From the 1700’s to the beginning of the century, population pressure led to an inflow of settlers mainly from families who had moved from outside the area in the long aftermath of the plantation. These farmers stripped the bog making ridges which were treated with lime to reclaim the land for farming. The string of many clachans at the edge of the bog is evidence of this type of reclamation. Fields reclaimed in this manner have individual Gaelic names to this day.
Archaeology / prehistoric settlements:
Evidence of prehistoric habitation of the Creggan area dates from the Neolithic period.
Within a five mile radius, archaeologists, have identified seventy ancient monuments, including, Court Tombs, Wedge and Portal Tombs, a Ring Cairn and Henge, Stone Circles, an Ogham Stone and Standing Stone. The monuments date mainly from the Stone Age, Bronze Age and Early Christian era. A number of the sites are well preserved and are very easily accessible. Tours to the major sites are available by arrangement with An Creagán.
The Creggan Boglands and Black Bog:
The Creggan landscape is rich in ancient Raised and Blanket bogland. Formed over thousands of years since the Ice Age, the bogs provide an ideal environment for a wide variety of flora and fauna, some of which are extremely rare. Of special interest is the Black Bog, one of the largest remaining intact Raised Bogs in Ireland. Pollen records show that the vegetation has grown on the Black Bog for over 7000 years.